Swiss Fertility and Socioeconomic Indicators (1888) Data
Standardized fertility measure and socio-economic indicators for each of 47 French-speaking provinces of Switzerland at about 1888.
A data frame with 47 observations on 6 variables, each of which is in percent, i.e., in [0, 100].
R project statistics dataset table
||Ig, ‘common standardized fertility measure’
||% of males involved in agriculture as occupation
||% draftees receiving highest mark on army examination
||% education beyond primary school for draftees.
||% ‘catholic’ (as opposed to ‘protestant’).
||live births who live less than 1 year.
All variables but ‘Fertility’ give proportions of the population.
(paraphrasing Mosteller and Tukey):
Switzerland, in 1888, was entering a period known as the demographic transition; i.e., its fertility was beginning to fall from the high level typical of underdeveloped countries.
The data collected are for 47 French-speaking “provinces” at about 1888.
Here, all variables are scaled to [0, 100], where in the original, all but
"Catholic" were scaled to [0, 1].
Files for all 182 districts in 1888 and other years have been available at https://opr.princeton.edu/archive/pefp/switz.aspx.
They state that variables
Education are averages for 1887, 1888 and 1889.
Project “16P5”, pages 549–551 in
Mosteller, F. and Tukey, J. W. (1977) Data Analysis and Regression: A Second Course in Statistics. Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass.
indicating their source as “Data used by permission of Franice van de Walle. Office of Population Research, Princeton University, 1976. Unpublished data assembled under NICHD contract number No 1-HD-O-2077.”
Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
pairs(swiss, panel = panel.smooth, main = "swiss data",
col = 3 + (swiss$Catholic > 50))
summary(lm(Fertility ~ . , data = swiss))