R Dataset / Package robustbase / wagnerGrowth


On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the wagnerGrowth data set which pertains to Wagner's Hannover Employment Growth Data. The wagnerGrowth data set is found in the robustbase R package. You can load the wagnerGrowth data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("wagnerGrowth"). This will load the data into a variable called wagnerGrowth. If R says the wagnerGrowth data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("robustbase") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the wagnerGrowth R data set. The size of this file is about 2,284 bytes.

Wagner's Hannover Employment Growth Data


Wagner (1994) investigates the rate of employment growth (y) as function of percentage of people engaged in producation activities (PA) and higher services (HS) and of the growth of these percentages (GPA, GHS) during three time periods in 21 geographical regions of the greater Hannover area.




A data frame with 21 * 3 = 63 observations (one per Region x Period) on the following 7 variables.


a factor with 21 levels, denoting the corresponding region in Hannover (conceptually a “block factor”).


numeric: percent of people involved in production activities.


growth of PA.


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a factor with levels 1:3, denoting the time period, 1 = 1979-1982, 2 = 1983-1988, 3 = 1989-1992.


Hubert, M. and Rousseeuw, P. J. (1997). Robust regression with both continuous and binary regressors, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 57, 153–163.


Wagner J. (1994). Regionale Beschäftigungsdynamik und höherwertige Produktionsdienste: Ergebnisse für den Grossraum Hannover (1979-1992). Raumforschung und Raumordnung 52, 146–150.


## maybe
(xyplot(y ~ Period | Region, data = wagnerGrowth,
         main = "wagnerGrowth: 21 regions @ Hannover"))(dotplot(y ~ reorder(Region,y,median), data = wagnerGrowth,
         main = "wagnerGrowth",
         xlab = "Region [ordered by  median(y | Region) ]"))

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

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Attachment Size
dataset-95527.csv 2.23 KB
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0