R Dataset / Package psych / iqitems

Documentation

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the iqitems data set which pertains to 16 multiple choice IQ items. The iqitems data set is found in the psych R package. You can load the iqitems data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("iqitems"). This will load the data into a variable called iqitems. If R says the iqitems data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("psych") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the iqitems R data set. The size of this file is about 49,011 bytes.


16 multiple choice IQ items

Description

16 multiple choice ability items taken from the Synthetic Aperture Personality Assessment (SAPA) web based personality assessment project. The data from 1525 subjects are included here as a demonstration set for scoring multiple choice inventories and doing basic item statistics. For more information on the development of an open source measure of cognitive ability, consult the readings available at the personality-project.org.

Usage

data(iqitems)

Format

A data frame with 1525 observations on the following 16 variables. The number following the name is the item number from SAPA.

reason.4

Basic reasoning questions

reason.16

Basic reasoning question

reason.17

Basic reasoning question

reason.19

Basic reasoning question

letter.7

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

letter.33

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

letter.34

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next

letter.58

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

matrix.45

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.46

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.47

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.55

A matrix reasoning task

rotate.3

Spatial Rotation of type 1.2

rotate.4

Spatial Rotation of type 1.2

rotate.6

Spatial Rotation of type 1.1

rotate.8

Spatial Rotation of type 2.3

Details

16 items were sampled from 80 items given as part of the SAPA (http://sapa-project.org) project (Revelle, Wilt and Rosenthal, 2009; Condon and Revelle, 2014) to develop online measures of ability. These 16 items reflect four lower order factors (verbal reasoning, letter series, matrix reasoning, and spatial rotations. These lower level factors all share a higher level factor ('g').

This data set and the associated data set (ability based upon scoring these multiple choice items and converting them to correct/incorrect may be used to demonstrate item response functions, tetrachoric correlations, or irt.fa as well as omega estimates of of reliability and hierarchical structure.

In addition, the data set is a good example of doing item analysis to examine the empirical response probabilities of each item alternative as a function of the underlying latent trait. When doing this, it appears that two of the matrix reasoning problems do not have monotonically increasing trace lines for the probability correct. At moderately high ability (theta = 1) there is a decrease in the probability correct from theta = 0 and theta = 2.

Source

The example data set is taken from the Synthetic Aperture Personality Assessment personality and ability test at http://sapa-project.org. The data were collected with David Condon from 8/08/12 to 8/31/12.

References

Revelle, William, Wilt, Joshua, and Rosenthal, Allen (2010) Personality and Cognition: The Personality-Cognition Link. In Gruszka, Alexandra and Matthews, Gerald and Szymura, Blazej (Eds.) Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition: Attention, Memory and Executive Control, Springer.

Condon, David and Revelle, William, (2014) The International Cognitive Ability Resource: Development and initial validation of a public-domain measure. Intelligence, 43, 52-64.

Examples

## Not run: 
data(iqitems)
iq.keys <- c(4,4,4, 6,  6,3,4,4,   5,2,2,4,   3,2,6,7)
score.multiple.choice(iq.keys,iqitems)   #this just gives summary statisics
#convert them to true false 
iq.scrub <- scrub(iqitems,isvalue=0)  #first get rid of the zero responses
iq.tf <-  score.multiple.choice(iq.keys,iq.scrub,score=FALSE) 
              #convert to wrong (0) and correct (1) for analysis
describe(iq.tf) 
#see the ability data set for these analyses
#now, for some item analysis
#iq.irt <- irt.fa(iq.tf)  #do a basic irt
#iq.sc <-score.irt(iq.irt,iq.tf)  #find the scores
#op <- par(mfrow=c(4,4))
#irt.responses(iq.sc[,1], iq.tf)  
#op <- par(mfrow=c(1,1))## End(Not run)
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

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Attachment Size
dataset-61777.csv 47.86 KB
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0