R Dataset / Package datasets / Nile

Documentation

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the Nile data set which pertains to Flow of the River Nile. The Nile data set is found in the datasets R package. You can load the Nile data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("Nile"). This will load the data into a variable called Nile. If R says the Nile data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("datasets") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the Nile R data set. The size of this file is about 944 bytes.


Flow of the River Nile

Description

Measurements of the annual flow of the river Nile at Aswan (formerly Assuan), 1871–1970, in 10^8 m^3, “with apparent changepoint near 1898” (Cobb(1978), Table 1, p.249).

Usage

Nile

Format

A time series of length 100.

Source

Durbin, J. and Koopman, S. J. (2001) Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods. Oxford University Press. http://www.ssfpack.com/DKbook.html

References

Balke, N. S. (1993) Detecting level shifts in time series. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 11, 81–92.

Cobb, G. W. (1978) The problem of the Nile: conditional solution to a change-point problem. Biometrika 65, 243–51.

Examples

require(stats); require(graphics)
par(mfrow = c(2, 2))
plot(Nile)
acf(Nile)
pacf(Nile)
ar(Nile) # selects order 2
cpgram(ar(Nile)$resid)
par(mfrow = c(1, 1))
arima(Nile, c(2, 0, 0))## Now consider missing values, following Durbin & Koopman
NileNA <- Nile
NileNA[c(21:40, 61:80)] <- NA
arima(NileNA, c(2, 0, 0))
plot(NileNA)
pred <-
   predict(arima(window(NileNA, 1871, 1890), c(2, 0, 0)), n.ahead = 20)
lines(pred$pred, lty = 3, col = "red")
lines(pred$pred + 2*pred$se, lty = 2, col = "blue")
lines(pred$pred - 2*pred$se, lty = 2, col = "blue")
pred <-
   predict(arima(window(NileNA, 1871, 1930), c(2, 0, 0)), n.ahead = 20)
lines(pred$pred, lty = 3, col = "red")
lines(pred$pred + 2*pred$se, lty = 2, col = "blue")
lines(pred$pred - 2*pred$se, lty = 2, col = "blue")## Structural time series models
par(mfrow = c(3, 1))
plot(Nile)
## local level model
(fit <- StructTS(Nile, type = "level"))
lines(fitted(fit), lty = 2)              # contemporaneous smoothing
lines(tsSmooth(fit), lty = 2, col = 4)   # fixed-interval smoothing
plot(residuals(fit)); abline(h = 0, lty = 3)
## local trend model
(fit2 <- StructTS(Nile, type = "trend")) ## constant trend fitted
pred <- predict(fit, n.ahead = 30)
## with 50% confidence interval
ts.plot(Nile, pred$pred,
        pred$pred + 0.67*pred$se, pred$pred -0.67*pred$se)## Now consider missing values
plot(NileNA)
(fit3 <- StructTS(NileNA, type = "level"))
lines(fitted(fit3), lty = 2)
lines(tsSmooth(fit3), lty = 3)
plot(residuals(fit3)); abline(h = 0, lty = 3)
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

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Attachment Size
dataset-85141.csv 944 bytes
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0