R Dataset / Package datasets / cars

Documentation

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the cars data set which pertains to Speed and Stopping Distances of Cars. The cars data set is found in the datasets R package. You can load the cars data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("cars"). This will load the data into a variable called cars. If R says the cars data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("datasets") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the cars R data set. The size of this file is about 308 bytes.


Speed and Stopping Distances of Cars

Description

The data give the speed of cars and the distances taken to stop. Note that the data were recorded in the 1920s.

Usage

cars

Format

A data frame with 50 observations on 2 variables.

[,1] speed numeric Speed (mph)
[,2] dist numeric Stopping distance (ft)

Source

Ezekiel, M. (1930) Methods of Correlation Analysis. Wiley.

References

McNeil, D. R. (1977) Interactive Data Analysis. Wiley.

Examples

require(stats); require(graphics)
plot(cars, xlab = "Speed (mph)", ylab = "Stopping distance (ft)",
     las = 1)
lines(lowess(cars$speed, cars$dist, f = 2/3, iter = 3), col = "red")
title(main = "cars data")
plot(cars, xlab = "Speed (mph)", ylab = "Stopping distance (ft)",
     las = 1, log = "xy")
title(main = "cars data (logarithmic scales)")
lines(lowess(cars$speed, cars$dist, f = 2/3, iter = 3), col = "red")
summary(fm1 <- lm(log(dist) ~ log(speed), data = cars))
opar <- par(mfrow = c(2, 2), oma = c(0, 0, 1.1, 0),
            mar = c(4.1, 4.1, 2.1, 1.1))
plot(fm1)
par(opar)## An example of polynomial regression
plot(cars, xlab = "Speed (mph)", ylab = "Stopping distance (ft)",
    las = 1, xlim = c(0, 25))
d <- seq(0, 25, length.out = 200)
for(degree in 1:4) {
  fm <- lm(dist ~ poly(speed, degree), data = cars)
  assign(paste("cars", degree, sep = "."), fm)
  lines(d, predict(fm, data.frame(speed = d)), col = degree)
}
anova(cars.1, cars.2, cars.3, cars.4)
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

Title Authored on Content type
R Dataset / Package psych / bfi March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM Dataset
OpenIntro Statistics Dataset - scotus_healthcare August 9, 2020 - 2:38 PM Dataset
R Dataset / Package psych / withinBetween March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM Dataset
R Dataset / Package Stat2Data / Kids198 March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM Dataset
R Dataset / Package Ecdat / Wages1 March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM Dataset
Attachment Size
dataset-88008.csv 308 bytes
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0